In mountain dairy farms, transporting cows waking or by truck can affect cow performance, blood metabolites, and milk quality and coagulation traits.
Given the partial preference of cows for an outdoor pack, this should be considered when designing dairy farming systems where grass is not accessible.
Adding extra cooling sessions during the day helped mitigate the effects of heat stress showed by differences on ghrelin and leptin concentrations…
Heat stress in heifer calves both in utero as well as immediately after birth, can have long-term consequences on their future productivity in the herd.
Technologies that measure remotely cattle movements, temperature, rumination, and other physiological parameters have found their way from research facilities into commercial farms.
Dairy farmers use different types of bedding materials such as straw, wood chips, sand or compost. Ample bedding can optimize lying time, reduce hock lesions and lameness, and increase cow longevity
Consumer preferences along with animal welfare concerns make pasture access for dairy cows an important issue in the dairy industry. Generally, access to pasture does not prove to be an effective option year-round due to environmental constraints.