Oats is considered a cold season crop, mainly grown in temperate to colder climates. The overall energy concentration of the forage is low, because of its high fiber and lignin, and low starch concentrations. The grain is high in fat content (4.9%) with high levels of unsaturated fatty acids (35% oleic and 39% linoleic fatty acids),
With a protein content of around 9%. Its solubility and ruminal degradability are very high. Compared to other grains it has a high concentration of essential amino acids particularly high concentration of cystine (3% of the total protein).